SpaceX Starlink Network

Starlink is a satellite constellation improvement project that was put in action by the American company SpaceX, which will aim to develop a low expense, effective performance satellite bus and requisite customer ground receivers to execute a new space-based internet communication system. Space also have the intentions of selling satellites that use satellite bus that may be used for scientific, exploratory or military purposes. The communication satellite network SpaceX visualized was made public on January 2015, with the projected design being able to support sufficient bandwidth which carry up to 50% if all backhaul communications traffic, and up to 10% of local internet traffic, in high-density cities. Elon Musk who is the CEO of SpaceX made a statement that there is a significant unmet demand for a low-expense global broadband capabilities.

Starlink constellation phase 1, approximately 1,600 satellites at 550 km altitude
Source: Prof Mark Handley of University College London on Youtube

The SpaceX starlink satellite development facility which was opened in Redmond was also publicly announced in January 2015 along with its partners to help develop and build out the new communications network. At the time SpaceX initially hired approximately 60 engineers for its Starlink satellite development facility and then it eventually hired potential 1,000 people over the next few years, it is well known that SpaceX has plans to deploy nearly 12,000 satellites in three orbital shells by the mid-2020s. Since its product development commenced in 2015, two prototype test-flight satellites were launched back in February 2018 and after that a second set of test satellites and also the first large deployment of a piece of constellation took place on May 24 2019 when the first 60 operational satellites were launched successfully, which led to believe that commercial operation of the constellation could start in 2020.


With all that being stated out, let’s get briefer on the Starlink satellites. Elon Musk have said several times that that these satellites will be the first of at least three ages of satellites which will in the long run make up the Starlink network. It was stated that SpaceX is closer to the final satellites than the Tintin A and Tintin B technology that were launched in 2018, but however they were lacking key features will be necessary for a more suitable performance.

One of the features that these early satellites lack is the inter-vehicle laser communication links, which mean to say that each satellite will have to relay everything through ground stations. Well it simply can be stated that if a Starlink Satellites wants to send data to one of its peers, it will have to send it down to a ground station which then passes the information over the terrestrial internet to another ground station that is only within range of the recipient. This doesn’t just increase latency but it tends to require a large number of ground stations located all over the globe.

In order to fix this problem, Elon Musk made a statement that later forms of the Starlink satellites will utilize laser correspondences to shape interconnected connections, making a work arrange in space. Information won’t generally must be sent to the Earth and back, and rather can be steered through the satellite system. Obviously, ground stations will even now be required to eventually get information to and from the Internet itself, however far less of them will be required and their geographic area will be less basic. This innovation, which enables worldwide correspondences with next to zero ground foundation, could likewise be connected to satellite groups of stars circling the Moon or Mars; something SpaceX is in all likelihood contemplating on the long haul.


When it comes down to what exactly will be gained from Starlink satellites, just have it in mind that it is focusing on solving two major problems with the modern internet which is the lack of pervasive and affordable connections, and a significant lag better locations that are distant. SpaceX plans to dispatch 60 near creation Starlink satellites at once with its Falcon 9 rockets. Each satellite weighs around 500 pounds (227 kilograms) and is generally the size of an office work area. They’ll convey into space around 273 miles (440 kilometers) up.

Elon Musk stated that it will take around 400 satellites to set up “minor” web inclusion and 800 satellites for “moderate” or “noteworthy operational” inclusion. The quick real objective is to send almost 1,600 satellites around 273 miles (440 kilometers) high. To be able to understand the inspiration driving SpaceX’s Starlink venture, you need to comprehend the present constraints of our web foundation. The web is, in its least difficult structure, a progression of associated PCs. We pay specialist co-ops for directing our information to and from a serious of devices. Elon Musk is more concerned on how things can be operated on a low cost and have a maximum performance effect, he’s simply heading at revolutionizing everything we think we know about satellites and its networks.


When SpaceX first made its Starlink satellites, it had stated that the first two demonstration satellites will be launched in 2016, but eventually it was then targeted to commence in 2018. SpaceX started flight testing their satellite advances in 2018 with the dispatch of two test satellites. The two indistinguishable satellites were called MicroSat-2a and MicroSat-2b during advancement yet were renamed Tintin A and Tintin B upon orbital arrangement in February 2018. Two recently produced satellites, MicroSat-1a and MicroSat-1b were intended to be propelled together as optional payloads on one of the Iridium-NEXT flights, yet they were rather utilized for ground-based tests.

Tintin A and B were embedded into a 514 km circle. Per FCC filings they were planned to raise themselves to 1125 km circle, the operational height for StarLink LEO satellites per the soonest administrative filings, however remained nearby to their unique circles. SpaceX made it known in November 2018 that they might want to work an underlying shell of around 1,600 satellites in the group of stars at around 550 km orbital height, at an elevation like the circles Tintin An and B remained in. The satellites at present circle in a roundabout low Earth circle at around 500 kilometers (310 mi) altitude in a high-tendency circle for an arranged six to year term. The satellites will speak with three proving ground stations in Washington and California for transient examinations of under ten minutes span, generally daily.


Ever since the initial launch of the first two satellites, SpaceX has worked relentlessly to see just how far they will be able to achieve with their Starlink satellites and it eventually pulled through when they made a second launch with 60 satellites on May 2019. The launching of the 60 satellites were carefully planned out which made it standard than the first two sattelites. It has a flat-panel design with multiple highthroughput antennas and a single solar array, making it have a mass of 227kg (500lb). In addition it has a hall-effect thrusters using krypton as the reaction mass, for position adjustment on orbit, altitude maintenance and deorbit.

60 Starlink satellites on top of the Falcon 9 source: SpaceX flickr

The 60 satellites launched has a star tracker navigation system which was intended for precision pointing, it has the capability of tracking on-orbit debris and to avoid any autonomous collision and along with that it has been stated to have an operational altitude of 550 km (340mi), and just so you know 95 percent of all components of its design will quickly burn in Earth’s atmosphere at the end of each satellite’s lifecycle.


Starlink SpacX planned network of thousands of satellites that will be interlinked may arrive as functional global internet service provider soon that it expected, the overall goal of the project is to launch nearly 12,000 satellites into orbit around Earth, get them linked with laser beams, and give customers access to the internet system via antennas that SpaceX calls the end-user terminals. And after six launches things seems to be speeding up and they have no plans of slowing down until every goal put in place has been actualized.


In all of the events of SpacX’s Starlink the military has shown interest in it as well. It was said that SpaceX has been awarded a $28.7M contract to study, develop, and test possible military applications relating to its prospective Starlink internet satellites constellation. All of these points out just how well SpaceX has been able to make Starlink stand out and it has gotten the interest of the military and they also want to benefit from it as well in the near future.